The future of the built environment faces certain challenges at a capacity never seen before;the United Nations 16.8 billion by twenty second century global population prediction is an alarming urban issue. Architects, amongst other urban contributors, have been indirectly assigned with an undeniable responsibility: to provide an increasing population with a new urban strategy, an efficient system that saturates every scale of planning, from mega city to single dwelling, with an approach that is guided by a set of common rules. These rules are aimed at producing a sustainable outcome that adjusts the existing urban planning practices with important consideration toward the new global concerns.


Architecture is, in fact, the design and configuration of a program or system. In order for a system to be successful the designer must consider all factors from the micro to the macro scale. A serious attempt has been made to address population growth through the proposed establishment of Singaru, which is the agglomeration of Johor Bahru in Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore.

The Singaru proposal begins at the scale of a master plan for a mega city and progressively reaches human scale in its architectural form. As part of the outcome of my proposed new rule system, cluster towns will function in a self-sustaining condition taking closer care of the local population and providing higher quality of life especially for children and the elderly. Communities will have reasons to form, allowing positive, cooperative relationships to emerge. The walkability of the urban clusters plan and local activity spaces will encourage an active and healthy lifestyle. The environment will be preserved in areas currently considered high in ecological value with additional green spaces emerging within and around building footprints